Oregon Trail

Hundreds of thousands of American pioneers used the Oregon Trail to emigrate to the west in the mid- 1800s. The trail was a long one and traveled through Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho and finally into Oregon. The Oregon Trail and the Oregon Donation Land Act of 1850 encouraged settlement in the Oregon Territory, which would have slowed the settlement of the American West in the 19th century

The Oregon Trail was conquered by Missionaries

By the 1840s, the world was in full swing There is a manifest destiny Americans in the East were eager to expand their knowledge. While Clark and Lewis Merchants, traders and trappers were among the first to cross the Continental Divide

But it was missionaries who made the biggest impact Oregon The first missionary group west in 1834 was led by Nathan Wyeth Idaho is located in the state of Idaho

Marcus Whitman

To spread Christianity is a faith Marcus Whitman, a doctor and missionary, traveled on horseback from the Northeast to prove that the trail to Oregon could be traveled safely and further than before

The Green River rendezvous was a meeting place for fur trappers and traders in the Rockies Wyoming. After returning home, he married and went back to work with his wife and another couple

The party made it to the Green River rendezvous, then faced a long journey along Native American trails across the Rockies. They reached Fort Vancouver Washington, And. Whitman built missionary posts nearby

Both men and women could travel west, although not easily, thanks to the small party of Whitman. The journey was documented in the East and eventually more missionaries and settlers followed it

The American Missionary Board closed the Whitman mission in 1842 and in order to get funding for his mission work, he went back to the East on horseback. Over 100 pioneers crossed the Oregon Trail in the meantime, led by missionary Elijah White

Great emigration of 1843

When he headed west again, he met up with a train. The group included 120 wagons and a lot of people. Their trek lasted five months

It opened the door for pioneer migration along the Oregon Trail Great emigration of 1843

The Cayuse War was fought

The main goal of the mission was to convert American Indians to white settlers. The Cayuse became resentful as more settlers arrived

The Cayuse population was decimated by a measles epidemic despite the fact that Whitman was using his medical knowledge to help them

Many more were taken hostage than the mission staff, and many were killed in the conflict. The Cayuse and the federal government fought for seven years

Life on the Oregon Trail

It took up to a year to plan a five- to six-month trip across rugged terrain. Emigrants had to sell their homes, businesses and possessions to make ends meet. They had to purchase a lot of supplies

  • It is possible to make flour
  • There is sugar
  • bacon
  • Coffee
  • There is salt
  • There are rifles and bullets

The covered wagon was the most important item for successful life on the trail. It had to be light enough for a team of oxen or mules to pull and sturdy enough to survive the elements

Most wagons were twelve feet long and six feet wide. They were usually made of seasoned hardwood and covered with a large oiled canvas. The wagons were carrying a lot of things, including water barrels, tar buckets, and extra wheels and axles

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Most of the wagons that traveled the Oregon Trail were prairie schooners and not larger Conestoga wagons

The Oregon Trail route is in the state

Travelers had to leave in April or May if they wanted to reach Oregon before the snows started. Leaving in late spring gave the grass a chance to grow

Thousands of pioneers were on the path at the same time, especially during the time when the Oregon Trail gained popularity California was the site of a gold rushwagons traveled side by side or single file

The path to Oregon was slightly different but settlers crossed the Great Plains for the majority of the time, and averaged between ten and fifteen miles per day

They followed the Platte River from Fort Kearney to Fort Laramie and then ascended the mountains of the Rockies. Traveling was slow and dangerous during the summer

Independence rock

The settlers were relieved if they reached Independence Rock by July 4 because it meant they were on schedule. The rock was known as the Great Register of the Desert because so many people added their names to it

The settlers climbed the South Pass after leaving Independence Rock. They crossed the desert to Fort Hall

They traveled along the Snake River Canyon and climbed over the Blue Mountains before ending up in Oregon City. Some people went south California

There are dangers on the Oregon Trail

The Oregon Trail was not romantic for some settlers. Almost one in ten people who embarked on the trail didn’t survive

Most people died of diseases There is a disease called choleraAccidents caused by inexperience, exhaustion and carelessness can be the cause of diseases. It was not uncommon for people to be accidentally shot to death or crushed under wagon wheels, and many people drowned at river crossing

Travelers left warnings if there was an outbreak of disease, bad water or hostile American Indian tribes nearby. The Oregon Trail became a well-beaten path as more and more settlers headed west. It became a graveyard for tens of thousands of pioneer men, women and children

The Oregon Trail’s conditions improved over time. The bridges and ferries were built to make the crossing safer. Travelers were given a place to rest and regroup along the way

The trail guides wrote guides that settlers didn’t have to bring an escort with them. Some settlers were left in danger of running out of provisions because the books were not accurate

The end of the trail

With the completion of the project The first railroad In Utah is located in the state of Utah The settlers chose the faster and more reliable mode of transportation and the wagon trains decreased

The route continued to serve thousands of people with gold on their way to California as towns were established along the Oregon Trail. It was a main route for cattle drives

The railroads had eliminated the need to travel thousands of miles in a covered wagon by 1890. The settlers from the east were happy to hop a train and arrive in the West in a week

The historical significance of the Oregon Trail was not ignored despite modern progress ending it. The National Park Service named it a National Historic Trail in 1981 and continues to educate the public on its importance


The first Emigrants were on the road Michigan The trail leads to the mountain The Oregon California Trails Association is a group
Provisions for Births and Lethal Circumstances were included in the life and death of the Oregon Trail The Oregon California Trails Association is a group
Marcus and Narcissa were the sons of Marcus and Marcus PBS has new perspectives on the west
The Oregon Donation Land Act is related to land. The Encyclopedia of Oregon
Either Oregon or Bust Arizona Geographic Alliance
The Oregon Trail goes through the state The Encyclopedia of Oregon
The beginning of the trail basics The National Oregon California Trail Center is located in Oregon
The wagon is the trail basics The National Oregon California Trail Center is located in Oregon
The Oregon Trail went to the Oregon’s Willamette Valley The Oregon California Trails Association is a group
The mission is to travel home with the person Great migration National park service
The route of the Whitman Mission The Oregon Historic Trails Fund is for historic trails

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