Capital Cities of Canada

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  • B.A., Political Science

The nation’s capital is not named The capital of CanadaThe name of the place is from the word for trade. . ” The sites of the archaeological sites in the city show an indigenous population that lived there for centuries

Canada has 10 provinces and three territories. Canada’s provincial and territorial capital cities have a long history

The city of Edmonton, Canada

Edmonton cityscape and river valley

The city of EdmontonThe gateway to the north is the northernmost of Canada’s large cities and is often called “The Gateway to the North.” Europeans came to the area before the Indigenous people. Anthony Henday, who was a representative of the Hudson’s Bay Co., visited the area in 1754

The Canadian Pacific Railway brought in new arrivals from Canada, the United States, and Europe. The capital of the new province ofAlberta was incorporated as a town in 1892 and a city in 1904. There are more than two dozen festivals in the city of Edmonton

British Columbia, Victoria

British Columbia Parliament Buildings in Victoria

The name was given after the English queen Victoria is considered a business hub It is a bustling site of commerce because of its role as the gateway to the Pacific Rim, its proximity to American markets, and its many sea and air links. Victoria has a large retiree population

The Songhees and Coast Salish people were present in Victoria before Europeans arrived in western Canada. The parliament buildings and the historic Fairmont Empress Hotel are located in the inner harbor. The University of Victoria is located in Victoria

The city of Winnipeg, Canada

The postmodern architecture of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights at the Forks in Winnipeg

The name of the city is a word from the native people of Canada. The French explorers arrived in 1738. The city is named for Lake Winnipeg, which is located at the bottom of the Red River Valley

The Canadian Pacific Railway opened in the year 1884. It has an extensive rail and air links. It is the center of Canada’s Prairie Provinces, which is equidistant from the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The Royal Winnipeg Ballet and the world’s largest collection of Inuit art are located in this multicultural city

New York state and New York state’s capital city, Fredericton, New York

City hall reflected in the Saint John River in downtown Fredericton

The city of Fredericton It is on the St. John River, which is within a day’s drive of Toronto, New York City, and Halifax. The Welastekwewiyik people had inhabited the area for centuries

The French were the first Europeans to arrive. The British captured the area during the French and Indian War in 1759. New York became its own colony in 1784, while Fredericton became the provincial capital a year later

The University of New Brunswick and St. Thomas University have a center for research in agriculture, engineering, and forestry in Fredericton

Newfoundland and Labrador

Colorful row houses of Newfoundland

The origin of its name is not known St. John’s The oldest settlement in Canada is 1630. It is located on a harbor connected to the Atlantic Ocean. The collapse of cod fishing in the early 1990s depressed the economy of St. John’s but it has rebounded with the help of offshore oil projects

The French and English fought over St. John’s in the 17th and 18th centuries, with the British winning the battle in the 18th century. St. John’s was incorporated as a city in 1921, after the colonial government was established in 1888

Yellowknife, Northwest Territories

Northern Lights close to Yellowknife in the Northwest Territories

The only city in the Northwest Territories is the capital Yellowknife It is on the shore of Great Slave Lake, which is 300 miles from the circle. Summer days are long and sunny because of its high latitude. Europeans arrived in 1785 and 1786 and left the Tlicho people in Yellowknife

When gold was discovered, the population boomed. The economy of Yellowknife was based on gold and government. The separation of the Northwest Territories from the rest of Canada in 1999 cost Yellowknife a third of its government employees, as the fall of gold prices led to the closing of the two main gold companies. The diamond industry was prominent after the discovery of diamonds in the Northwest Territories

Nova Scotia

Peggy's Cove Lighthouse at sunset in Halifax

The largest urban area in the Atlantic provinces There is a city called Halifax One of the world’s largest natural harbors is in this area. The Mi’kmak people lived in the area for 3000 years before European exploration, and the city of Halifax was founded in 1841

In 1917, one of the worst explosions in Canada’s history occurred in the harbor of Halifax, when a ship collided with another. The blast caused 2,000 deaths and 9,000 injuries. The University of King’s College is located in the city of Halifax, which is home to the Nova Scotia Museum of Natural History

Iqaluit, Canada

Balanced rocks on the shore near Iqaluit

Iqaluit is the capital and only city in the area Iqaluit. Iqaluit is located at the northeast head of the bay on the southern side of Baffin Island. The English explorers arrived in Iqaluit in 1561, but the Inuit have remained. The site of a major World War II air base was also the location of a Cold War communications center

Toronto, Ontario

The skyline at the Toronto waterfront

Toronto is the fourth largest city in North America Ontario 3 million people live in the metro area and 2 million in the cultural hub. The area has been inhabited by the aboriginal people for thousands of years. The area was a hub for the Wendat-Huron confederacies of native Canadians until the arrival of Europeans in the 1600s

British settlers fled to the area during the Revolutionary War. The town of York was captured by the Americans in the War of 1812. Toronto was incorporated as a city in 1834

Toronto was hit hard by the Great Depression, but its economy rebounded as immigrants arrived. The city has a museum, a science centre, and three professional sports teams

Prince Edward Island

Colourful buildings on streets with shopping in Charlottetown

Canada’s smallest province is called Charlottetown Prince Edward Island is a small island. Europeans arrived 10,000 years ago on Prince Edward Island. The British were in control of the region by 1758

In the 19th century, shipbuilding became a major industry in the province. The historic architecture and scenic Charlottetown Harbour are the main attractions for tourists

Quebec City, Quebec

Quebec City old town in winter

The Quebec City The area was occupied by aboriginal people for thousands of years. Samuel de Champlain established a trading post there in 1608, which is when the permanent French settlement was established. The British captured it in 1759

Quebec City was a major trade hub for the 20th century. Quebec City is the second center for French-Canadian culture after Montreal

The city ofRegina, Canada

Downtown city scenery of Scarth Street Mall in Regina

The city is 100 miles north of the U.S. border. The Plains Ojibwa and Plains Cree were the first inhabitants of the area. The buffalo were hunted to near extinction by European fur traders

In 1903, the city ofRegina was incorporated. WhenThere is a province of Canada called the province of Saskatchewan The capital of the province was named Regina. Since World War II, it has seen slow but steady growth

Whitehorse, the Whitehorse Territory

A long summer's midnight sunset over Whitehorse in Yukon

Whitehorse It is home to more than 70% of the population. It is within the traditional territory of the Ta’an Kwach’an Council and theKDFN and has a thriving culture. Whitehorse is surrounded by valleys and lakes on the river

The river was a rest stop for gold prospectors during the late 1800s. Whitehorse is still a stop for most trucks. Grey Mountain is on the east, Haeckel Hill is on the northwest and Golden Horn Mountain is on the south

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