11 Resources and Records for Canadian Genealogy


Canada has become a destination for millions of migrants since the 17th century when French settlers arrived on the shores of the St. Lawrence River. More than 200,000 immigrants arrive in Canada every year

Canadians moved to the United States at a rate of 20,000 a year by the late 1840s. Many immigrants entered Canada and traveled south to avoid the new entry requirements in the United States. Americans migrated to Canada from the US because of the US Homestead Act, which made it possible for land to be picked over. People living near the border might cross back and forth for jobs and family time

Maybe you have ancestors who have traveled through Canada. Our list of essential resources for Canadian genealogy will help you get the most out of your research time

Canadian Censuses

Canadian census records are easy to find online. The national census was taken every 10 years starting in 1851, and various provincial and other censuses date from as early as 1666. Some websites The website ancestry.comOr its sister site The website ancestry.caYou have to subscribe to search record indexes and view images. You can find the version of the library at many public libraries and at the FamilySearch Centers

My favorite place to find ancestors is on the Canadian census records The library and archives of Canada The website of the League of American Craftsmen. The LAC site has free images of Canadian census records. The Censuses section is in the middle of the home page. The side menu on the left of the Censuses page has links to each database of census records from the year 1824 through the year 1926. Clicking on a link will take you to a page with information about the records collection and the database. To learn about the census information, click on the Census to learn about how the census was collected, what abbreviations were used, and what schedules have survived. The population schedule is the only one that has not been lost. The names of the districts and sub-districts used in the census are included in a listing

You can learn more about earlier records Finding aid 300 There is a page. . Here you can find information about all the censuses in Canada from 1640 Quebec to 1945 Newfoundland. The page has information about the provinces enumerated and the type of census taken. The 1666, 1667 and 1681 Quebec censuses are available for browsing on the LAC site. If you can’t find the census records on the LAC website, you can download a finding aid which will help you find them

The 1921 census of Canada was published by the two companies. The images were supplied by LAC and then uploaded to Ancestry.ca. You can search and view images. Other places to find Canadian census data include The names are listed on the website, FamilySearch And A genealogy that is automated

Immigration records and border entry records are included

There are no passenger lists of immigrants arriving in Canada before 1865. The passenger lists and border entry records were included in the official records of immigration to Canada from 1865 onward. Immigration officials recorded passenger information on individual forms instead of passenger lists and border entry lists from 1919 to 1924. The passenger lists and border entry lists were returned to the large sheets in 1925

The passenger lists of ships arriving at Canadian and eastern US ports can be found on the websites. The records are in a database The passenger lists of Canada were published in 1865 You can also cover the ports of Quebec City and Montreal, Quebec, as well as the ports of Nova Scotia, Saint John, New York, and British Columbia. The passengers names recorded in these lists include immigrants, visitors to Canada, returning Canadian citizens and individuals in transit to the United States. The amount of information recorded depends on the forms used and the years in which they were written

There are passenger lists on both websites Canada, Ocean Arrivals (Form 30A), 1919-1924
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Immigration, employment, visiting family and friends, vacation and shopping are some of the reasons our ancestors crossed the Canadian-US border. Anyone who has ancestors in Canada or the United States can use border-crossing records. I encourage you to check these records even if you think your ancestors never crossed the border. You never know what you will find

Canada began recording the names of immigrants from the United States in April of 1908. Immigrants arriving in non-port cities were not likely to be registered. If one parent in a family was Canadian-born, the whole family was considered to be returning citizens. The details on border entry records can be different depending on the form used. Information usually included name, age, ethnicity, nationality, place of birth, address of last residence, name and address of person at destination, and name of nearest relative or friend in former country. You can find the name of the spouse, children, traveling companions, occupation and physical description. A photograph of the individual or family is included

Border entry records are available at both Ancestry.com and Ancestry.ca. The card catalog can be searched by using the following methods

It’s a tip The records of border-crossers from Canada were stored in St. Albans, Vt., for many years

Civil registration

The LAC website is great for researching Canadian genealogy, but there is no vital record on it. Civil registration in Canada is similar to vital records in the United States, and is held at the provincial or territorial level. You can find copies of civil registration records that have been released into the public domain at provincial archives Here). You might think that it is difficult to access the provincial archive if you don’t live in the area where you are researching. Civil registration can be found online at a number of websites

You can start with the Research Wiki from the Search menu. Next, type Canada into the search box and hit Return. Click on the link for Vital Records on the Canada genealogy page to see the menu under Record Types. You can find the Canada Vital Records wiki page where you can learn about birth, marriage and death records in Canada. You can find links to each of the provincial and territorial civil registration vital records pages here

Civil registration is available in the province and territory. The Nova Scotia Civil Registration Vital Records page has a history of the province and links to online Nova Scotia vital records databases on both websites Historical Vital Statistics. You can find links to the online catalog listings for the original civil registration records. You can view the film at home or your local library The Family History Center or the library is affiliated with it

Généalogie Québec is a French language school

Généalogie Québec is a French language schoolThe site is called The Genealogical site of French America. It is a must for researching French-Canadian ancestry. Most of the records here are in French, but you can still find them in English. You can get access to 47 million images and files with a subscription

The LAFRANCE database of Quebec weddings, deaths, and Protestant marriages can be found in the Collections. You can find the Drouin Collection of parish records for New York, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and the USA. You can search by individual or couple on this website. Search results for an individual may include burials, marriages and baptisms. The marriage and burials of both the husband and wife are included in the search results for couples

The National Archives of Québec

This is what it is The library of Québec has archives There are 12 research facilities in the province that preserve heritage materials. It has free online offerings

The BAnQ website is in French. The English version is in the upper right corner. To find their main genealogy page, first select Services, then on the right-hand side. The last item in that list is genealogyGénéalogie is a French language). The link is under the heading. Clicking here takes you to the next page Généalogie et histoires The page is in French. But. You can still view a translated version if you do all this in the browser. Click the Search button if you want to find an Ancestor’s last name and first name. You can have Chrome translate your search results, but note the names of people and places in French, as Chrome will attempt to translate them into English equivalents

The records are from homestead

Did your ancestors travel to the West in the 19th century? Many Canadians, Americans and overseas immigrants came to Canada to homestead. The land grant requirement for homesteaders in Canada’s provinces and the British Columbia railway belt was put in place in 1872. The grantees are named in documents called Letters Patent and their homesteads are described. The letters are uploaded to the website. Click the collection in the top menu to find it, then click the topic in the drop-down menu. Click on Land Records. Click on itLand grants to Western CanadaBefore you click the Database: Search link, read the information about the land grants to help you find and understand your ancestors record


Peel has Prairie provinces

This is free to add Website To your list of essential resources for genealogy. Peel’s Prairie Provinces is a project that documents western Canadian history and the culture of the Canadian prairies. The featured collections here include Peel’s Prairie Postcards, which contains more than 15,000 images, the Magee Photographs Collection, and Henderson’s Directories, which list residents and businesses of various cities and regions as far back as 1905. You can find a lot of historical newspapers from 1871 to 2013

The website gives you access to the Peel Maps collection and the Peel Bibliography, a collection of books in English, French, Ukrainian and other languages. You can use the subject, author or title to search for these collections

The records of the Great War

Canada was involved in World War I from its beginning in 1914. About 60,000 people were killed in the Canadian CEF. Britons and Americans served with the CEF. The original CEF service records are no longer available to view, as the LAC has digitized them

To access these records, you must first visit the LAC home page. Click on it The first world war took place in 1914- 1918. You can find the names of over 600,000 men and women in service files, attestation papers and Military Service Act enlistment forms

Each CEF service file may contain many forms. CEF members’ details may include full name, date of birth, parents’ names, spouse’s name, last known address, enlistment training, medical and dental history, hospitalization, discipline, discharge or notification of death. The service file doesn’t list the actual theatres of war where the CEF member fought

There are WWII records

More than one million men and women from Canada and Newfoundland served in the Canadian Army, Royal Canadian Navy, and Royal Canadian Air Force during World War II. The Canadian forces lost over 44,000 lives in the 19th century. The files of those who died in service are public. The collection includes those who died as a result of injury or illness while in service, and those who died as a result of wounds or injuries related to service

The Military Heritage section on the LAC site contains these records. Click on the Second World War: 1939-1945 to view it. Click on the page you scroll down The service files of the Second World War were released in 1947


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There are historical newspapers

It can be difficult to research old Canadian newspapers on the internet. There is no online repository. It is difficult to determine if a paper was published in your ancestors area because it is not included in the title

The Ancestor Hunt is about finding ancestors It has made researching historical newspapers easier. Marks has a list of historical Canadian newspapers. You can access the lists from the home page by clicking on the newspaper links in the top menu and scrolling down to the section on Canada. You can find links to pages for each province and territory there

Each provincial page contains an overview of available titles, followed by links to online collections of specific papers, organized by free/fee-based sites and then by place. Clicking on a newspaper title will take you to a repository website or the news archive

The early land records were very early

Land records are a great source of information about early settlers. The seigneurial system was used to distribute land in Quebec. The seigneur gave the land to his tenants. When Britain won the French and Indian War in 1763, the system changed for new lands in Quebec. Quebec was divided into counties and townships. The township system was used to calculate new land grants. The Executive Council had to be petitioned for land

Lower Canada and Upper Canada were divided by England in the 17th century. Both civilians and military people submitted petitions for land grants. The Executive Council of Upper Canada took over the land granting process in the 19th century, and the four district land boards were abolished. Loyalists who sided with Britain during the American Revolution fled to Canada after it ended, and these land petitions are a great resource for them

The records are in three collections and can be found by the name of the person who filed the petition

Click on the Discover the Collection tab on the LAC website to access them, then choose Land Records. You can learn about the records, what to look for and how to search them by reading the information about each database

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